For a project, I was to research Dyslexia with another classmate and prepare a presentation on it. With no PowerPoint allowed we resorted to blue ink on white note cards and a diverse amount of information.
While I researched the symptoms of Dyslexia and set up a time to meet with a girl who was diagnosed in the third grade, my classmate researched how it was first diagnosed and what actually happens in the brain of someone who is Dyslexic. We shared our information prior to presenting our findings and were both shocked with what we each had found.
Bayle’s research concluded that Dyslexia was first discovered in the 1970’s where it was believed that people were simply reading too fast and had nothing wrong neurologically that was keeping them from reading, spelling, and writing with such difficulty. However, it is now widely accepted that Dyslexia can affect a number of areas including, memory, organization, and concentration. In most cases, the problem is linked to an impaired ability to process phonemes.
This caught me, as I have been studying the English Language and Linguistics in a different class, where we have recently learned what phonemes are. To be short, phonemes are the basic distinctive units of speech sound by which morphemes, words, and sentences are represented.
The difference in sound between pit and bit is taken to indicate the existence of different labial phonemes.
Now connecting this back to Dyslexia:
After providing patients with words that noticeably were giving them trouble, researchers concluded that there is an impairment in the grapheme-phoneme decoding itself.
If interested, you can read more about Dyslexia here, at the Being Dyslexic Website.